The Test Of English As Foreign Language (TOEFL) measures one’s ability to use and understand English at the University level. It is a measure of the effectiveness of combining Reading , Writing, Speaking and Listening for performing academic tasks. TOEFL is popular due to the following reasons: The TOEFL is the most preferred by universities in the United States, France and Germany, and by graduate programs in Canada. 90% of TOEFL test takers surveyed got into their 1st or 2nd choice university.

Administered by the Educational Testing Service(ETS) – a US-based non-profit organization; recognized by more than 9,000 participating institutes and organisations across 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the UK and the United States. TOEFL Test result is primarily used to fulfil visa requirements in some countries.
The test score is valid up to 2 years and is usually held on Saturdays and Sundays.

Aspirants across the globe can even apply for TOEFL scholarships if they desire to avail financial aid.

Who can take

More than 35 million people from all over the world have taken the TOEFL test to demonstrate their English-language proficiency. The average English skill level ranges between Intermediate and Advanced.
1) Students planning to study at a higher education institution
2) English-language learning program admissions and exit
3) Scholarship and certification candidates
4) English-language learners who want to track their progress
5) Students and workers applying for visas

Exam Details

The TOEFL began development in 1962 and was first administered two years later. Its purpose is to devise international students for studying in an English-speaking country or program.

Difference between iBT and PBT:

1 For the iBT, you will answer several questions in Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing. For the PBT, you will do Listening, Structure and Written Expression, Reading Comprehension and Writing.
2 The iBT is longer, clocking in at around 200 to 250 minutes (including one 10-minute break). The PBT is much shorter running 140 to 150 minutes in overall length.

The TOEFL Test is now largely an iBT, though the paper-based may still be available in some areas.
TOEFL is administered in internet based format (iBT) and Paper based format (PBT).

Exam Syllabus

TOEFL is divided in four different modules which consists of the following:

Modules of the TOEFL Test


Reading Comprehension: In this section, you will read 3-5 passages and answer 12-14 questions about each passage. The section is scored based on the number of correct reading comprehension responses.
Question type: 3–5 passages, 12–14 questions each
Total no. of questions: About 50
Total time: 60–100 minutes

Listening :

Listening Comprehension: In the test section, you will hear short conversations as well as long conversations. After the short conversation, you will be asked one question and multiple choices of answers will be given. You have to choose one answer. In the long conversations, you will be asked multiple questions based on the conversation.
Question type: a) 4–6 lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words), 6 questions each; About 30 questions in total
b) 2–3 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges), 5 questions each; About 12 questions in total
Total no. of questions: 40+
Total time: 60–90 minutes


Speaking: For you to earn the highest scores in the Speaking Section, your responses must fulfill the demands of the task given with only minor mistakes or lapses. The test graders are looking for a highly intelligible and sustained conversation. There are three main factors that comprise scoring for the section.
Question type:
a) 2 independent tasks (prep time: 15 sec; response time: 45 sec)
b) 2 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 30 sec; response time: 60 sec)
c) 2 integrated tasks – Listen/Speak (prep time: 20 sec; response time: 60 sec)
Total no. of questions: 6
Total time: 20 minutes

Writing :

Writing: The essay should effectively address a topic. The response should be well-organized and well-developed using relevant explanations and detailed support. Furthermore, it should also display unity, progression, and coherence. If you want to achieve a high writing score, make sure that you demonstrate the syntactic variety and appropriate word choice with minor grammatical errors.
Question type:
a) 1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)
b) 1 independent task (30 minutes)
Total no. of questions: 2
Total time: 50 minutes"

Exam Pattern

S.NO Section Time
1 Listening 30 min.
2 Reading 60 min
3 Writing 60 min.
4 Speaking 15 min

Exam Pattren

skills Score Range Level
Reading Score 0-30 High(22-30)
Listening Score 0-30 High(22-30)
Writing Score 0-30 High(26-30)
Speaking Score 0-30 High(24-30)

Score Rreporting

Making sure your TOEFL scores arrive at universities on time is, of course, you don’t want to do anything to menace your chances of getting into your dream school. So, here is how to send TOEFL scores — everything you need to know, in one convenient place!

1.How do I designate universities to send my score report to?

Before the big day, you should log into your ETS TOEFL iBT account and add universities to your list of score recipients. You can add four schools for free — but only if you do this before 10 p.m. on the day before your test. After 10 p.m., you can choose to send additional score reports for $19 each.

2.How do I send scores after my test?

If you want to send scores after your test date, the method is the same as above, the only difference is that you’ll have to pay $19 for each additional score report you send.

3.How many years are my scores valid for?

Your TOEFL scores will be valid for two years. If you wait more than two years after your exam to send your reports, you’ll have to retake the test.

4.How long will it take for my scores to arrive at universities?

Your scores will be sent out approximately 13 days after your test. Once they’re in the mail, it will take about 7-10 days for them to reach their destinations. This is only if you’re mailing your scores to universities in the US, though. If you mail your scores to universities outside the United States, you should allow 4-6 weeks for delivery. When planning for your deadlines, remember: scores are put in the mail 13 days after your test AND then take 7-10 days (or 4-6 weeks internationally) to be mailed.

5.Are my scores high enough?

That depends on the requirements at the specific universities you are applying to. You can learn more about TOEFL score requirements here, but you should also check the websites of the programs you will send your scores to—minimum scores are often listed online.

TOEFL Test Format
S.NO Section Time
1 Listening 30 min.
2 Reading 60 min
3 Writing 60 min.
4 Speaking 15 min
TOEFL at PrepMinds

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